Later, another OMV vaccine
from strain NZ98/254 (B:4:P1.7-2,4)  and , was shown to be effective in controlling the clonal outbreak in New Zealand . Recently, the protein antigen content of such vaccines has been assessed by sensitive proteomic methods . In particular, gel electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) analysis has been used to characterize the protein content of OMV vaccines produced from the strains responsible for outbreaks of serogroup B disease in Cuba and New Zealand ,  and . In addition to confirming the presence of known key antigens, these studies revealed the presence of a number of minor BI 2536 datasheet proteins that had not previously been detected using conventional methods. As well as offering sensitive methods for the identification of proteins, proteomic technology provides the means to evaluate the impact of changes in the manufacturing process on the protein content of OMV vaccines. One of the critical factors affecting the consistency of OMV preparations is the bacterial growth medium. The OMV vaccines used in the protection trials in Cuba  and Norway  were made from bacteria grown in Frantz’ medium (FM), a complex medium containing yeast extract and casamino acids. Dolutegravir mouse The OMV vaccine used later in New Zealand, was produced from bacteria grown in the synthetic modified Catlin-6 medium (MC.6M)  and . The current study
compared the protein expression and the immunogenicity of batches of OMV vaccines produced from
the Norwegian vaccine strain 44/76 cultivated in each of these media. About 3% of the proteins were differentially expressed, the majority of which were significantly higher in OMVs produced in MC.6M. These OMVs also induced significantly higher bactericidal antibody titres in the serum of immunized mice. Unless otherwise specified, chemicals and solvents used for (a) digestion, liquid chromatography (LC) and MS; (b) lysis and electrophoresis were supplied by Sigma–Aldrich (Dorset, UK) and GE Healthcare (Chalfont St Giles, UK), respectively. All electrophoresis related apparatus TCL and software were purchased from GE Healthcare. ELGA purified water at 18.0 Ω was used throughout the study (High Wycombe, UK). A murine polyclonal serum to recombinant NspA was kindly provided by G. Guillén (Centre of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Havana, Cuba), rabbit polyclonal sera to TdfH by Turner et al. , to LbpB by Martine Bos (Institute of Biomembranes, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands), to TbpA by A. Gorringe (Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response, HPA, Salisbury, UK), and to DsbA1 by C. Tinsley (INSERM U5701, Necker Medical Faculty, Paris, France). Murine monoclonal antibody to FetA was provided by D. Ala’Aldeen (University of Nottingham, UK), to OpaB128 by B. Kuipers (Netherlands Vaccine Institute, Bilthoven, The Netherlands), to RmpM by C.T. Sacchi (Adolfo Lutz Institute, Sao Paulo, Brazil) and to P1.