J Appl Phys 2010, 108:076101 CrossRef 17 Xu Q, Wen Z, Wu D: Bipo

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Doxacurium chloride memory (ReRAM) based on metal oxides. Proc IEEE 2010, 98:2237–2251.CrossRef Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions XCY and XHW carried out the sample preparation, participated on its analysis, performed all the analyses, and wrote the paper. JLT and HZZ provided useful suggestions and helped analyze the characterization results. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background Greenhouse gases such as CO2 and chlorofluorocarbon (CFCs) are the primary causes of Selleck ATM Kinase Inhibitor global warming. The atmospheric concentration of CO2 has steadily increased owing to human activity, and this accelerates the greenhouse effect. The photocatalytic reduction of CO2 is a promising technical solution since it uses readily available sunlight to convert CO2 into valuable chemicals, such as methanol or methane, in a carbon friendly manner [1]. TiO2 is a popular catalyst for photoreduction of CO2 owing to the advantages of earth abundance, low toxicity, and chemical stability. Yet it has so far yielded only low carbon dioxide conversion rates despite using ultraviolet illumination for band gap excitations [2]. While the intrinsic idea of photocatalytic conversion of carbon dioxide and water (vapor) into hydrocarbon fuels is appealing, the process has historically suffered from low conversion rates.

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