Phylogenetic analysis using the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that the strain clustered with the genus Comamonas. Its closest neighbours were the type strains Comamonas terrigena (96.8%), Comamonas koreensis (93.4%), Comamonas composti (92.9%), and Comamonas kerstersii (91.1%). The ability of the strain EB172 to produce polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) when supplied with organic acids made this bacterium unique CH5183284 manufacturer among Comamonas species. The bacterial strain was clearly distinguished from all of the existing strains by phylogenetic analysis, fatty acid composition
and a range of physiological and biochemical characteristics. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 59.1 mol%. The strain showed good growth in acetic, propionic and n-butyric acids. Comamonas sp. EB172 produced 9.8 g/l of cell dry weight and accumulated 59 (wt%) of PHAs when supplemented with mixed organic acids from anaerobically treated palm oil mill effluent. It is evident from the genotypic, phenotypic data and ability to produce PHAs that strain EB172 represents find more a new strain in the genus Comamonas (GeneBank accession no. EU847238).”
“Background: The recent identification of xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) in the blood of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) establishes that a retrovirus may play a role in the pathology in this disease.
Knowledge of the immune response might lead to a better understanding of the role XMRV plays in this syndrome. Our objective was to investigate the cytokine and chemokine response in XMRV-associated CFS. Materials and Methods: Using Luminex multi-analyte
profiling technology, we measured cytokine and chemokine values in the plasma of XMRV-infected CFS patients and compared these data to those of healthy controls. Analysis was performed using the Gene Expression Pattern Analysis Suite and the Random Forest tree classification SB525334 nmr algorithm. Results: This study identifies a signature of 10 cytokines and chemokines which correctly identifies XMRV/CFS patients with 93% specificity and 96% sensitivity. Conclusion: These data show, for the first time, an immunological pattern associated with XMRV/CFS.”
“We tested for ecological differences among apomictic dandelion genotypes in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, in order to establish a basis for predicting potential ecological consequences of genetic variation in invading populations. A greenhouse experiment on 30 potential clonal families revealed significant among-family variation for leaf morphological traits, and molecular analyses confirmed the presence of multiple genotypes. In a field common-garden experiment on six confirmed genotypes, plant size and seed production both varied over an order of magnitude among genotypes, Suggesting great potential for selection among genotypes during invasion.