During reduction of the intussusception a 3.5 to 4.5 cm mass was uncovered in the appendix (www.selleckchem.com/products/U0126.html Figure 3). Subsequently a right hemicolectomy was performed, containing 15 cm of the right colon in continuity with 3.5 cm of the terminal ileum (Figure 4). An end-to-end ileocolonic anastomosis was performed prior to closure. Macroscopically the surgical specimen revealed a smooth tan bulging 4.5 cm × 4.5 cm × 3.7 cm mass located in the appendix. There were multiple pink tan lymph nodes dissected ranging from 0.3 cm to 1.7 cm. Microscopically, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical the mass was found to be a mucinous (colloid) adenocarcinoma (Figures 5,,6),6), histologically grade 1 (well differentiated).
No lymphovascular or perineural invasion was found, with all margins free of tumor: AJCC tumor stage pTispN0Mx. Figure 1 An axial CT Abdomen/Pelvis with rectal contrast showing the appendiceal-colonic intussusception with a suspicious rounded area of low attenuation (arrow), with peripheral high density. This served Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical as the lead point for the intussusception Figure 2 Axial and oblique coronal reformatted CT images of the appendiceal-colonic intussusception showing an area of high density (arrow), which was determined to be Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical a mucinous adenocarcinoma Figure 3 15 cm of the right colon in continuity with 3.5 cm of the terminal ileum. A smooth tan bulging 4.5 cm × 4.5 cm × 3.7 cm mass located in the appendix Figure 4 Dissected appendiceal mass that later revealed mucinous
adenocarcinoma of the appendix Figure 5 H&E stain 200× showing cystic mass occupying virtually Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical the entire appendix containing pools of mucin with a focal complex epithelial structure without invasion of the appendiceal wall but with mucin extravasation into the wall. This can … Figure 6 H&E stain 200× revealing a cystic mass occupying virtually the entire appendix containing pools of mucin with a focal complex epithelial structure without invasion of the appendiceal Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical wall but with mucin extravasation into the wall On post-operative day 3 she was started on a clear liquid diet and advanced to a full diet on the day of http://www.selleckchem.com/products/MLN8237.html discharge,
GSK-3 post-operative day 5. The patient followed up 1 week later in the outpatient surgical clinic with no reported post-operative complications and was discharged from the clinic. Discussion There are two types of primary carcinoma of the appendix, adenocarcinoma (epithelial origin) and neuroendocrine tumor (neuroendocrine origin, formerly called “carcinoid”). The adenocarcinoma type can further be broken down into mucinous and non-mucinous (colonic), while the neuroendocrine tumors can be broken down into signet, malignant, and goblet subtype. Adenocarcinoma of the appendix is estimated at around 0.2/100,000 per year, whereas neuroendocrine tumors are estimated around 0.075/100,00 per year (9,10). Tumors of the appendix are found in approximately 1% of appendiceal specimens submitted for pathologic examination (11).